History

Gregor Mendel, aka “The Father of Genetics”…

Gregor Mendel was a monk at St. Thomas in Brno(Brunn), Czech Republic.  From 1856-1863, he carried out a series of experiments involving different traits in pea plants.  During the course of his experiments, Mendel discovered that when a purple flower was cross pollinated with a white flower, there was no blending of the traits and the resulting offspring were not a mix of the two.  The resulting offspring were, instead, all purple.  Mendel then came up with a hypothesis that these flowers had hereditary units(genes), some being dominant and some being recessive.  When these F1 offspring were cross pollinated back to each other, Mendel ended up with his 3:1 ratio (3 purple flowers to 1 white flower).

His findings were published in 1866 and his work reported the first clear explanation of the statistical rules that govern the transmission of genes from one generation to another.  Mendel’s work led him to make two generalizations, the Law of Segregation and the Law of Independent Assortment, both of which are now referred to as Mendel’s Laws of Inheritance.  Unfortunately, his work gained little attention until the turn of the 20th century, after his death, but his work laid the foundation for the modern genetics.

Here’s a video about Gregor Mendel and his experiments…

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